ERIC Number: ED294356
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986
Reference Count: N/A
Siblings as Communication Trainers for Prelinguistic Infants with Down Syndrome.
Richard, Nancy B.
The study examined effects of training older siblings (ages 6-8) of six 1- to 3-year-old infants and toddlers with Down syndrome to employ social communication strategies in play sessions. Three secondary purposes included evaluating effects of intervention upon the communication skills of the Down syndrome children, effects of intervention on interactions with mothers when playing with their Down syndrome children, and evaluation of parent perceptions of interventions with siblings. Baseline, intervention, and follow-up phases were employed. Intervention was delivered over six sessions in the context of familiar games (e.g., ball play, blowing bubbles, peek-a-boo), employing procedures which included modeling with puppets in a series of six videotaped segments, verbal instruction, role playing, and social reinforcement. Results indicated that older siblings consistently increased contingent responses to younger siblings' nonverbal turns. Increased communication of younger siblings was observed in higher frequency of spontaneous comments and more response to turns by older siblings. Younger siblings did not, however, increase initiated turns as a result of intervention with older siblings. Contingent responses by mothers measured before and after intervention did not indicate changes related to the intervention by older siblings. Parents reported they observed a moderate level of change in the interactive play of their children. (JW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Ph.D. Dissertation, University of Washington.