ERIC Number: ED294130
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Caregivers and Their Black Elderly Clients.
American National Red Cross, Washington, DC.
Although little emphasis has been placed on the community-based long-term care needs of the black elderly, examination of the needs of this group is important because of the projected rapid growth and the overall poverty rate of this population. Because personal care homes may be the only option currently available for the black elderly when traditional family networks change, a study was conducted to identify the needs and characteristics of caregivers and their black elderly clients in community-based personal care homes. Trained volunteers collected data from both caregivers (N=153) and carereceivers (N=184) through interviews in the respondents' homes in five urban and four rural sites. Carereceivers ranged in age from 49 years to 104 years; the median age was 76 years. Most were very poor and viewed themselves as frail and in poor health. Many caregivers reported income below the poverty level with their only source of income being caregiving. Over 60% were single, the median caregiver age was 55 years. As the age of the carereceiver increases, demands for care will likely increase. Yet the results of the study suggest that their caregivers are also approaching or are in the older age groups. Personal care home living arrangement may be suitable in the short term, but may not be desirable as time progresses because of the increasing needs of both caregivers and carereceivers. (Eight policy options are recommended based on results of the study.) (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: American National Red Cross, Washington, DC.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Scientific Meeting of the Gerontological Society (40th, Washington, DC, November 18-22, 1987).