ERIC Number: ED294106
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov-22
Reference Count: N/A
Changes in Personal Investment in Adulthood.
Maehr, Martin L.; Kleiber, Douglas A.
Early research on motivation, especially achievement motivation, was based on a dynamic model which focused on enduring affective dispositions growing out of early childhood experiences. Cognitive theory provided a way to reconceptualize achievement motivation in terms of achievement-related perceptions, thoughts, and meanings, and a framework for beginning to examine how changing circumstances possibly correlated with age might modify whatever turned out to be defined as achievement motivation. A research project was developed which focused heavily on the development of a workable approach to research in this area. It examined how age was related to meanings and in turn to personal investment. Results from preliminary data on approximately 3,000 adults in white-collar occupations seem to suggest that modest changes in personal incentives may occur with age and that goal directedness may vary with age. The results suggest that job satisfaction tends to increase with age, as does organizational commitment. The research found little evidence of age-related changes in achievement motivation. Motivational patterns appear to be minimally related to age during the working ages of 20 to 70 years of age. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (40th, Washington, DC, November 18-22, 1987).