ERIC Number: ED294104
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Enhancing Quality of Life for Patients with Special Care Needs.
Salamon, Michael J.
Nursing home patients suffering from dementia had a desire for placement in a setting where their special needs could be addressed. This resulted in the creation of special nursing home units designed to meet patient needs. Recent reports have provided evidence that nursing home residents suffering from dementia who receive care on these special units fare better than those on heterogeneous units on a variety of measures, demonstrating decreases in psychotropic drug use, accidents, and acting-out behaviors; and increases in orientation levels. While research has supported the contention that special care units for patients with dementia enhance the quality of life for the patients, the issues of quality of life may be more related to the patient's perception of outcome than to statistical findings. In future research, direct measures of quality of life should be included when assessing the outcome of special care units. The recipients of the care should be asked directly about their quality of life on the unit. While it has been argued that direct assessment of patients with dementia is impossible, research has been conducted which supports the procedure of an empathic assessor using the appropriate measure and having sufficient time to obtain valid responses. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Gerontological Society (40th, Washington, DC, November 18-22, 1987).