ERIC Number: ED294068
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Psychological Issues in the Recovery of an Army Unit after Traumatic Loss.
Bartone, Paul T.; And Others
The United States Army battalion that suffered the heaviest losses (189 soldiers killed) in the December, 1985 military charter airline crash was studied longitudinally over the 6-month period following the disaster. Extensive interview and observational data were collected at approximately monthly intervals. The purpose of the study was to determine the various factors involved in the recovery process, the integration of replacements, and the return of the unit to a healthy readiness posture. Four psychosocial phases of unit recovery were evident, each lasting about 4 to 6 weeks (numb dedication, angry betrayal, stoic determination, integration/cohesion). A replacement plan that intermixed newcomers with veterans facilitated integration and unit recovery. Although individual reactions varied somewhat, the generalized response of the unit to the trauma can be considered a military disaster "stress response syndrome" that characterizes the reactions of a cohesive group to a major technological disaster. This model of response aids in understanding and permits some anticipation of the kinds of problems other units might confront after similar traumatic events. The findings suggest several interventions with potential to facilitate the individual and group recovery process. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987). For related document, see CG 020 733.