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ERIC Number: ED294034
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-May
Pages: 4
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Teaching Critical Reading in the Content Areas. Techniques.
Valaitis, Mirga
Lifelong Learning, v11 n7 p28-30 May 1988
The new General Educational Development test demands that students read critically. Teaching critical reading presents a twofold challenge to teachers. First, they must help students expand their knowledge in content areas. They must also teach students the skills involved in reading critically. Because the skills entailed in critical reading are not skills that a teacher can demonstrate, the method of providing learning activities once reading has been completed is not appropriate. One effective method of teaching critical reading is that developed by Harold Herber. Supported by more than 20 years of research, the method emphasizes preparation for and guidance during reading rather than postreading activities. During the preparation stage, the teacher prepares students to receive new information. This serves to motivate students and provide them with a frame of reference into which to receive ideas. Then, during guided reading, students learn to use the processes necessary to obtain meaning from what they read by participating in a simulation of the reading process. Students use a teacher-prepared reading guide that consists of literal and critical statements for students to verify or dispute as they read. Students work in groups of three to five, and teachers check the students' work. Unlike traditional methods of reading instruction in which most discussion takes place after the material has been read, here the discussion takes place before reading and before they have encountered difficulty in comprehending. (MN)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Journal Articles
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A