ERIC Number: ED293696
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Role of Science and Technology in Economic Competitiveness. Final Report.
Clarke, Marianne; And Others
In the fall of 1986, a joint study was undertaken to solicit views of the nation's Governors, senior officers of U.S. companies, and presidents and deans of U.S. colleges and universities on the relationship of U.S. competitiveness to the human resource base and research and development capacity. Researches polled 2,300 senior research and development officers and 500 university leaders and senior state officials. Approximately 500 replies were received This report summarizes the survey findings and the discussion which occurred at the April 1987 regional meetings based on the survey's preliminary results. Specifically, the study was designed to address such issues as: (1) the importance of research and education to the economic competitiveness of the United States; (2) which of the following factors were believed to have the greatest impact on U.S. competitiveness--human resources, research and development investments, technology transfer, or federal fiscal, monetary, regulatory and trade policy; (3) what changes need to be made to strengthen and improve the nation's research and education system; and (4) the perceptions of three different communities--the business sector, the academic community, and state governments--with regard to research and education policies and the roles of each of these organizations to meet the competitive challenge of today's economy. Survey data and the discussions which occurred at regional meetings showed that there was a great deal of similarity in the perceptions of the three groups compared. The industry, university, and government leaders participating in the study agreed that science and engineering research and education have in the past, and will continue in the future, to play a crucial role in determining U.S. competitiveness. With regard to the most important factor affecting the nation's future competitiveness, all three groups viewed education as the key. Furthermore, there was general agreement that the area of education of greatest concern is mathematics and science education at the K-12 level. The survey instrument, a list of regional meeting speakers and panelists, and the National Governors' Association Issues Paper are included in three appendixes. (TW)
Descriptors: College Mathematics, College School Cooperation, College Science, Competition, Elementary School Mathematics, Elementary School Science, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, International Relations, Mathematics Education, National Surveys, School Business Relationship, Science and Society, Science Education, Scientific Literacy, Secondary School Mathematics, Secondary School Science, Technology
National Science Foundation, Office of Public Affairs, 1800 G Street, NW, Washington, DC 20550 (free while supply lasts).
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Researchers; Policymakers
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Conference Board, Inc., New York, NY.; National Governors' Association, Washington, DC. Center for Policy Research and Analysis.