ERIC Number: ED293671
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
A Gender Comparison of Former Agricultural Students' Employment Experiences.
Thomas, John K.; Schiflett, Kathy L.
To examine the transition of male and female agricultural students from colleges of agriculture into the labor market, a questionnaire was mailed in 1986 and 1987 to a 30% random sample of agricultural majors formerly enrolled at Texas A&M University and Oklahoma State University in the 1976-77 academic year. The survey obtained information about current educational attainment; past agricultural curriculum training; resources used by study participants to find employment; employment benefits received; and labor market participation according to first full-time position, starting salary, and total number of weeks unemployed since college graduation. Analyzed and compared by gender, the survey data clearly indicated that structural conditions allocated different occupations and employment benefits to comparably trained men and women. Although more than 90% of the study participants graduated with degrees from colleges of agriculture, women experienced more occupational segregation than men. Their first full-time jobs after leaving college were concentrated in traditional female occupations such as sales, clerical, and technical positions. Men more frequently obtained managerial and professional positions. The particular education qualifications of women in the study served primarily to allocate them to white-collar, secondary jobs. Future inquiries should address why women graduates are relegated to secondary jobs and why the positions are accepted. (JHZ)
Descriptors: Agricultural Education, Agricultural Occupations, Agricultural Personnel, College Graduates, Comparative Analysis, Employed Women, Employment Level, Employment Patterns, Equal Opportunities (Jobs), Fringe Benefits, Graduate Surveys, Higher Education, Job Placement, Occupational Surveys, Salaries, Sex Differences, Sex Discrimination, Unemployment, Work Experience
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Texas A and M Univ., College Station. Texas Agricultural Experiment Station.
Note: A version of this paper was presented at the Annual Meeting of the Southern Rural Sociological Association (New Orleans, LA, 1988).