ERIC Number: ED293588
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Trends and Issues in Community Colleges, 1988: Minority Student Transfer.
Cohen, Arthur M.
When compared with university freshmen, students beginning their collegiate studies at community colleges are less likely to attain a baccalaureate degree. After equating for differences in students' entering abilities, socioeconomic background, employment status, on-campus residence, and pattern of attendance, however, this discrepancy narrows. Because minority students are over-represented in two-year college enrollments, any differential in progress is magnified for them. Reasons for the difference in baccalaureate attainment are difficult to ascertain because of the paucity of consistent information about student aspirations and progress. While there are no reliable national data sets concerning transfer rates and student outcomes, statewide data show that well-articulated community college and public university systems lead to significant proportions of university enrollments provided by community college transfers. Though information on college effects on the transfer rate is scanty, studies suggest that the community college environment could be made more conducive to student progress if college policies were modified to encourage students to attend full time, obtain on-campus employment, and become more involved with the college. State policies and interinstitutional agreements regarding curriculum, academic support services, and financial aid also have an impact on transfer rates, and could be modified to benefit all community college matriculants. A 25-item bibliography is included. (EJV)
Descriptors: College Transfer Students, Community Colleges, Dropout Prevention, Dropouts, Educational Trends, Enrollment Trends, Higher Education, Intercollegiate Cooperation, Minority Groups, Student Educational Objectives, Transfer Policy, Transfer Rates (College), Two Year College Students, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse for Junior Colleges, Los Angeles, CA.