ERIC Number: ED293583
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: 0
State of the Art in Community-Based Education in the American Community College.
McGuire, Kenneth B.
A study was conducted to determine the extent to which the community colleges' community-based mission has been understood and accepted and to assess the impact of this educational philosophy on local communities. Specifically, the study sought to: (1) explore the extent to which the community-based mission is reflected in the literature on the American community college; (2) identify and describe community-based programs that are notably effective in meeting community needs; (3) identify and describe institutions serving as prototypes of the community-based education philosophy; and (4) make recommendations for strengthening and expanding this mission. Study methodology involved reviewing the literature; defining and developing a set of criteria for evaluating community-based education based on the suggestions and ratings of a national panel of experts representing nine regions of the United States; surveying the presidents of 1,272 community colleges to gather information on exemplary programs; and selecting effective programs and prototype colleges. The four prototypes colleges (i.e., Florida Junior College at Jacksonville, Northeastern Junior College, Colorado, Northern Virginia Community College, and Valencia Community College, Florida) received high ratings with respect to involving community leaders in program planning and development; serving as a catalyst in community development; receiving support, sponsorship and/or funding from business, special interest groups, or community organizations; offering courses on a flexible basis; and providing programs and activities at off-campus learning centers. The report offers information on effective community-based programs, profiles the prototype colleges and concludes by offering 18 descriptors of the community-based college, a checklist of recommendations for developing and establishing effective community-based education programs, and a set of proposals for implementing the recommendations. A 38-item bibliography and a 17-item annotated list of references are included. (EJV)
Descriptors: College Role, Community Colleges, Community Education, Community Services, Institutional Mission, National Surveys, Organizational Effectiveness, Outreach Programs, Program Descriptions, Program Effectiveness, School Business Relationship, School Community Relationship, Two Year Colleges
American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, One Dupont Circle, NW, Suite 410, Washington, DC 20036 ($15.00).
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Community; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: American Association of Community and Junior Colleges, Washington, DC.
Note: Condensed form of the author's dissertation under the same title.