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ERIC Number: ED293064
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1986-May-9
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Attributions of Responsibility to Male and Female Victims of Rape and Robbery.
Travis, Shelley K.; Allgeier, Elizabeth Rice
This study examined the effects of victim gender and type of crime on college students' attributions of responsibility to the victim for the crime. Male (N=48) and female (N=48) undergraduates responded to one of four experimental vignettes depicting either a rape or a robbery committed by a male stranger against either a male or female victim. After reading the vignettes, students made judgments concerning the victim, the crime, and the assailant. Results indicated that, compared to males, female victims of rape and robbery were perceived as more likely to have encouraged their assault and were attributed more responsibility for their victimization. Robbery victims were seen as more likely to have encouraged the crime than were rape victims, but were not attributed greater responsibility for victimization. Rape was judged to be a more serious and traumatic crime for the victim than was robbery. Students held more negative personal feelings toward, and assigned longer sentences to, rapists than robbers. Male and female students differed in their perceptions of rape and robbery, and of assailants. Females viewed both crimes as more serious, were more certain of the assailant's guilt, and attributed greater responsibility to the assailant than did males. Results suggest that victim gender and type of crime may influence the degree to which victims are held responsible for their victimization. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A