ERIC Number: ED292970
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Education and the Economy: What Should We Teach? When? How? To Whom? Occasional Paper No. 4.
Berryman, Sue E.
Economic changes and demographic realities may require fundamental changes in what individuals need to learn, how and when they need to learn it, and who needs to learn it. Examination of three strands of research should clarify these issues. The first strand consists of research on changes in the nature and structure of work and in the capacities required for work: it bears on what schools should teach. This research shows that both the service and manufacturing industries are moving from a production-oriented to a product-oriented world, from mass production to flexible production. These changes require both basic skills and more higher order thinking, even for jobs that are usually thought of as lower skill. The second strand of research relates to how schools should teach. This strand is pioneering work in cognitive psychology on nonschool learning and its implications for how formal learning is restructured. This work implicitly challenges the traditional distinctions between head and hand, academic and vocational education, education and training, and school-based and work-based learning. The final research strand involves at-risk learners as rational decision makers. This research suggests that school-based learning is not particularly related to out-of-school activity for any individual; however, what is taught in traditional schools and remedial programs seems less relevant to those persons who lack the ability or desire to enter professional occupations. (KC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: National Center on Education and Employment, New York, NY.
Note: Paper presented at the Distinguished Speaker Series in Adult Learning, City University of New York (New York, NY, March 30, 1988).