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ERIC Number: ED292953
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Why Women Aren't Mentored.
Mertz, Norma T.; And Others
Project Mentor examined mentoring for career advancement to answer questions about the mentoring of women and minorities. Twenty chief executive officers and high-level administrators were selected as mentors. Mentors chose a person in their organization whom they perceived as having potential to advance to top levels of management to mentor self-consciously. Anecdotal reports were collected from mentors and mentees and indepth interviews were conducted with mentors before or at the beginning of the mentoring experience and after it was officially over. Mentees were also interviewed after the experience. Data suggested four critical factors, above and beyond competence and potential, that mentors use, knowingly and unknowingly, in selecting potential mentees: fit, risk, predictability, and payoff. The research suggested that use of these factors in screening potential mentees helps explain why women may receive less mentoring and have a harder time attracting mentors. Women tended to get lower scores in fit, predictability, and payoff than similarly able and qualified men and higher scores in risk, which is more likely to put their total scores outside the mentor's "comfort zone." A construct of how mentoring works and the components of the construct emerged from the research. Further tests of its validity were seen as necessary. (YLB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Portland, OR, November 1987).