ERIC Number: ED292629
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Foreign and Foreign-Born Engineers in the United States: Infusing Talent, Raising Issues.
National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.
Immigrants have provided a transfusion of new talent throughout U.S. history to support the nation's economic and cultural growth and development. The absorption of these successive groups of immigrants has often been accompanied by issues associated with their integration into the work force and society. In recent years, there has been a marked increase in foreign and immigrant engineers and engineering students. A large proportion of these individuals remain in the United States and are becoming an increasingly important component of the engineering work force. This report provides a background and preliminary examination of the issues associated with this international movement. It attempts to identify the major issues and their validity and suggests followup studies that may be needed for proper evaluation of the issues involved. The issues discussed include: (1) the dependency of institutions on foreign engineers; (2) the displacement of U.S. engineers and the lowering of salaries; (3) graduate enrollments and degrees; (4) federal regulations and relative performance of foreign engineers; and (5) international movements and contacts of American engineers. A number of recommendations are made to address these issues. Appendices include the agenda of a workshop on the international exchange and movement of engineers, workshop participants, commissioned papers, and a paper by Charles E. Falk. (CW)
Descriptors: College Science, Engineering Education, Engineers, Federal Government, Foreign Students, Government (Administrative Body), Government Publications, Government Role, Graduate Students, Graduate Study, Higher Education, Policy Formation, Public Agencies, Science Education
Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel, 2101 Constitution Avenue, NW, Washington, DC 20418 (free while supply lasts).
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Policymakers; Researchers
Authoring Institution: National Academy of Sciences - National Research Council, Washington, DC. Office of Scientific and Engineering Personnel.
Note: Graphs and charts may not reproduce well. Product of the Committee on the International Exchange and Movement of Engineers.