ERIC Number: ED292341
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Reference Count: N/A
Strategies for the Teaching of Vocabulary Based on Oral Frequency Counts.
Jackson, T. Wendell; Clegg, J. Halvor
Previous research on Spanish vocabulary for second language instruction has focused primarily on word frequency in a variety of print sources, and has the added disadvantages of being outdated and having too complex a format. A new, computer-based analysis of spoken Spanish from different dialect regions of the world was undertaken to provide more useful information for teaching core vocabulary. The results are similar to those of earlier studies, showing that: there is considerable semantic divergence in personal vocabulary choice; function words comprise the vast majority of high frequency vocabulary; a nucleus of common adverbs provides a basis for general instruction; a nucleus of eight common adjectives also provides a basis for general instruction; the 10 most frequent verbs account for more than half of total usage; four verb tenses account for over 80 percent of forms used; the present tense accounts for over 50 percent of forms used; the infinitive is the second most used verb form; some individual conjugated forms comprise large proportions of overall frequency; some verb forms occur in less than one-half of the one percent of usage; and some verb forms tend to "specialize" in a limited number of forms. The results and their implications for instructional approaches and emphases are discussed. (MSE)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: In: Lalande, John F. II, Ed., Shaping the Future of Language Education: FLES, Articulation, and Proficiency. Report of Central States Conference on the Teaching of Foreign Language; see FL 017 249.