ERIC Number: ED292218
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Is There A "Best" Way To Change Attitudes toward Persons with Disabilities? A Review of Research.
Shaver, James P.; And Others
Meta-analysis was used to conduct an integrative review of the research on modifying attitudes toward persons with disabilities. Prior reviews, using small samples and lacking systematic data collection and analysis, were unable to draw firm conclusions about the effectiveness of attitude modification techniques. In the hope of correcting these deficiencies, an exhaustive search of all English-language research reports in the United States and Canada was undertaken that identified 667 potentially relevant items. Screening for relevance and adequacy of information reduced the accessible population for the integrative review to 273 reports describing a total of 644 treatment groups. A coding instrument containing some 162 categories was used and extensive quantitative analysis undertaken, but no clear-cut findings emerged. The major conclusion was that there had been a great deal of variety in the conditions under which the effectiveness of the various attitude modification techniques was investigated, that the variations were not systematically controlled, and that this confounded efforts to draw conclusions about treatment effectiveness. The consistent conclusion that research findings are equivocal may also reflect a reality that social-psychological phenomena are not amenable to systematization. Thirteen tables provide a detailed breakdown of study characteristics and effect sizes. (VW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Councial for Exceptional Children (65th, Chicago, IL, April 20-24, 1987). For a related document, see ED 286 335.