ERIC Number: ED292216
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988-Mar
Reference Count: N/A
Class Size and Public Policy: Politics and Panaceas.
Tomlinson, Tommy M.
This document reviews the issue of class size reduction, analyzes the evidence from research on the relationship between class size and educational improvement, and cites findings supporting the view that the costs of class size reduction outweigh the benefits and that reducing class size to improve student achievement is inconsistent with the push to enhance teacher professionalism by placing greater demands on teachers. After an introductory overview, the following topics are discussed: (1) the context for reform; (2) the history of the debate; (3) the current debate; (4) perspectives on workload, including statistics on pupil/teacher ratio, pupils per class, pupil load, and staff ratios; and (5) sifting the evidence from standardized tests, state comparisons, and international comparisons. This is followed by a "lesson for America" on classroom culture and class size based on comparisons with the Japanese education system, and a discussion of what teachers can do to manage large classes. Forty-three references are included, and computations are appended. (TE)
Descriptors: Class Size, Comparative Analysis, Educational Economics, Educational Policy, Elementary Secondary Education, Politics of Education, Resource Allocation, School Statistics, Teacher Responsibility, Teacher Student Ratio
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC 20402 (Stock No. 065-00000-326-1; $2.75).
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Note: Contains a foreword by Chester E. Finn, Jr., Assistant Secretary for Research and Improvement and Counselor to the Secretary, U.S. Department of Education.