ERIC Number: ED292210
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Measuring School Climate: Questions and Considerations.
Wilson, Bruce L.; McGrail, Janet
School climate is an elusive but powerful concept that has captured the attention of both researchers and practitioners, but choosing an instrument to assess climate can be very complicated. This monograph accordingly discusses four basic issues that should be considered prior to selecting an instrument to measure school climate: purpose, choice of variables, seeking opinions about climate, and data gathering and reporting. First, five reasons are presented for collecting data on school climate: to identify strengths and weaknesses, to evaluate school programs, to describe and compare schools, to open up communication, and to identify groups for special treatment. Second, climate variables must be determined. Based on Tagiuri's (1968) taxonomy, these include ecology, milieu, social system, and culture. Third, opinion data should be gathered from representatives of all school constituencies. Finally, considerations in gathering and reporting data include understandability of scores, appropriateness of summary statistics, ease of comparison across variables, use of a normed referent group in making comparisons across schools, costs, and availability of special services. References are included. (TE)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).