ERIC Number: ED291986
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Sep-1
Reference Count: N/A
Gender Differences in Job Attitudes and Personological Variables.
Lefkowitz, Joel; Iorizzo, Linda
Research comparing males' and females' work attitudes has found inconsistent results. This study used a heterogeneous sample of 722 employees from 8 organizational groupings to investigate possible gender differences on 26 personological variables and 23 job reaction variables. Data analyses revealed relatively few significant differences, and they were of small magnitude. Some differences diminished or disappeared when the effects of gender-related differences in age, tenure, education, job characteristics, occupational category/level, and income were controlled. The findings suggest that men and women are highly similar in their reactions to the world of work and that the modest differences that may be observed largely reflect the spurious effects of differences in the jobs typically held by men and women. A few gender differences were not accounted for by the covariates, and evidence was noted for some covariates exerting "suppressor effects" on gender differences. A developmental path model of male and female job reactions also confirmed the appropriateness of the same causal model for both men and women. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).