ERIC Number: ED291984
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Dec-18
Reference Count: 0
Effects of an Intake Interview on Clients' Anxiety and Depression.
Hutchinson, Roger L.; And Others
It has generally been accepted that brief interactions with counselors can provide significant mood or symptom improvements in potential psychotherapy clients. Of primary importance appears to be the reduction of anxiety and depression and, consequently, the activation of hope which may be triggered simply by the act of being interviewed by a mental health worker and the anticipation of future professional care. It is possible, however, that the importance of a single intake interview has been overrated. To examine this issue, 126 individuals who sought counseling at a university counseling practicum clinic were told they would be assigned to a counselor other than the intake counselor when one became available. Subjects completed demographic questionnaires and checked and rank ordered their perceptions of presenting problems. Subjects were assigned to one of two treatments, receiving either an assessment battery consisting of the Beck Depression Inventory and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory-State for an intake interview first. The results revealed no significant differences in client anxiety or depression as a result of the experimental manipulation. Anxiety and depression were not decreased as the result of intake interviews. These findings have implications for clinic directors who must decide when to conduct intake interviews with clients on a waiting list. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (58th, Chicago, IL, May 8-10, 1986).