ERIC Number: ED291979
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Dec-18
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Family Structure on Children's Self-Concepts.
Johnson, Melanie K.; Hutchinson, Roger L.
The number of nontraditional families, including single-parent families and stepfamilies, in America has been steadily increasing. This study was conducted to examine the effects of family structure (intact, stepparent, and single-parent) on children's self-concepts using Parish and Parish's Personal Attribute Inventory for Children (PAIC). The PAIC and a demographic questionnaire were completed by 199 students in grades 7 through 12 attending a university-related laboratory school. Twenty-four students were from stepfamilies, 32 were from single-parent families, and 143 were from intact families. The results revealed no statistically significant differences in how the children in the three different family structures perceived themselves. Although a trend was noted for students from stepfamilies to check fewer positive adjectives on the PAIC, their means did not differ significantly (.05 level) from the means of children from single-parent or intact families. There were no significant differences by sex for the number of positive adjectives checked by respondents. A difference was found as a function of grade level, with the mean number of positive adjectives checked being lowest for students in grades 9 and 10. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Midwestern Psychological Association (58th, Chicago, IL, May 8-10, 1986). For related document, see CG 020 587.