ERIC Number: ED291835
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Effective Kindergarten Programs and Practices for Students at Risk. Report No. 21.
This evaluation report examines research on kindergarten programs and practices for children who are at risk of school failure. Programs which present evidence of positive effects and which can be replicated at other sites are identified and discussed. A proposal is made for the development of a data base which gathers information on instruction practices across sites so that their efficacy can be evaluated accurately. Factors such as the background of the students and their socioeconomic status can be held constant or disaggregated to discover the most successful strategies for different populations. The following kindergarten issues are presented: (1) preparation for first grade; (2) schedules and activities; and (3) what to do when students are unsuccessful. Three approaches to the problem are considered: repetition of the kindergarten program; extending the kindergarten day; and delivery of a specialized curriculum. Effects of each of these approaches are discussed, with the third approach--use of alternative programs of instruction individualized according to the learning avenues best suited to a particular child--receiving the most extensive treatment. The discussion, which includes detailed descriptions of six specialized programs, covers the following points: effects of programs of instruction; effective programs and students at risk; and program effectivenss and alternatives. A 17-item list of references is included. Student outcomes and program effects are presented in tables and figures. (VM)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools, Baltimore, MD.