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ERIC Number: ED291568
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Some Types of Knowledge Used in Understanding Physics.
Clement, John
This paper posits a cognitive model for understanding and learning physics that is an alternative to the formal deductive system. Recent findings of Fuller, Karplus, Lawson, and others are cited in arguing against using a formal deductive approach to teaching physics. The model demonstrates types of action-oriented knowledge structures as they actually exist and operate in a person, including practical knowledge, qualitative physical models, concrete mathematical models and written symbol manipulation. A major aspect of the theory is that the ability to link together structures from these different domains is crucial to understanding a topic in physics. Each of these structures is defined and examples of student learning are given to support the theory. It is stated that some links are simple associations learned by rote while others are formed when one domain assimilates and interprets a structure from another domain. Finally, the paper provides a list of five pedagogical implications derived from this theory that provide a framework for discussing some interesting pedagogical problems. (CW)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Researchers; Practitioners
Language: English
Sponsor: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the International Seminar on Physics Education (Caracas, Venezuela, September, 1983).