ERIC Number: ED291504
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jan
TARGET: An Examination of Parallel School and Family Structures That Promote Student Motivation and Achievement. Report No. 6. Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools Report.
Epstein, Joyce L.
Structures that schools can change to produce more positive effects on student learning and development are referred to in this report as TARGET (Tasks, Rewards, Grouping, Evaluation, and Time) structures. The first of two chapters, "Effective Schools or Effective Students: Dealing with Diversity", stresses the need for including in the current effective schools movement a parallel effective students movement. Section titles include: Recognizing Student Diversity; Recognizing Alterable School and Classroom Structures; Recognizing the Need for Research and Evaluation; The Social Organization of Remediation; and Support for an Effective Schools Movement. The second chapter, "Family Structures and Student Motivation: A Developmental Perspective", initiates a discussion of the family's role in motivating students to learn. The chapter focuses on home TARGET structures that are analogous to school structures for their part in organizing instruction and classroom management. Section titles include: (1) Family Structures and Student Motivation; (2) TARGET Structures in Families; (3) Links among TARGET structures; (4) TARGET Structures at Home and Student Development; (5) Implications for Research; and (6) Discussion. The first chapter includes 110 references, the second, 94. (SKC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Center for Research on Elementary and Middle Schools, Baltimore, MD.