ERIC Number: ED291220
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985
Reference Count: N/A
Assessing Family Needs: The First Step in Providing Family-Focused Intervention.
Chandler, Lynette K.; And Others
This paper provides a brief review of the issues regarding families in early intervention programs for handicapped children and proposes the assessment of family needs as a first step in designing family-focused interventions. While traditional approaches to early intervention tend to be exclusively child-focused, professionals are encouraged to respond to a child as part of a family unit because handicapping conditions place both the child and family at risk. Intervention goals might take into account the extent of family time and resources available for home- or center-based therapy, the family's interest in the development of certain child skills, and the family's ability to be involved in the therapy program. Professionals ought to review existing assessment tools and interpretation methods to determine if they evaluate need from the family's perspective and promote understanding between professionals and families. The purpose of both intervention and assessment should be clearly understood, the purposes should be similar when possible, and needs should be stated in measurable terms. Intervention goals and tasks should address the family's strengths as well as needs while taking into consideration the impact on the family's time, finances, and skills. Outcome measures must reflect parent and family gains and satisfaction along with child gains. Fifty-two references are provided. (VW)
Publication Type: Reports - General
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Practitioners; Parents
Sponsor: Special Education Programs (ED/OSERS), Washington, DC. Handicapped Children's Early Education Program.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: For related documents, see EC 201 985-986.