ERIC Number: ED291146
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Effective Schooling Practices and At-Risk Youth: What the Research Shows. School Improvement Research Series Topical Synthesis #1.
Druian, Greg; Butler, Jocelyn A.
This topical synthesis addresses the problematic issue of whether the techniques, processes, and procedures that generally result in effective, high-quality education will also achieve results with at-risk youth. After an extended introduction that raises this question, the key characteristics of effective schools are specified as leadership, a climate of high expectations, and clear instructional objectives, reflected in a variety of classroom activities and management techniques. Next, conditions associated with at-risk students are identified, and successful strategies for at-risk students are discussed. Research findings on these strategies are grouped into three categories: (1) federally funded studies, (2) pull-out programs (autonomous programs that provide an experiential curriculum); and (3) classroom-based studies. The primary commonalities of successful programs for at-risk youth include a strong level of commitment on the part of the instructional staff, strong leadership, and small program size. The paper concludes by assessing the relationships between research on at-risk youth and effective schools research. The accumulated knowledge of alternative programs for at-risk youth substantially supports the findings of the effective schools researchers, suggesting that the high expectations, clear goals, coherent classoom management, monitoring of student progress, and orientation toward learning that characterize effective schools are also best for addressing the needs of at-risk students. An annotated source list is included. (TE)
Descriptors: Comparative Analysis, Compensatory Education, Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, High Risk Students, Instructional Effectiveness, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Remedial Programs, School Effectiveness
Office of Marketing, Northwest Regional Educational Laboratory, 101 S.W. Main Street, Suite 500, Portland, OR 97204 ($2.75; quantity discounts).
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Northwest Regional Educational Lab., Portland, OR.
Note: In: School Improvement Research Series. Research You Can Use; see EA 019 871.