ERIC Number: ED291140
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul
Reference Count: N/A
Benefiting from Basic Education in Developing Countries: A Review of Research on the External Efficiency of Educational Investments. Special Studies in Comparative Education, Number Twenty.
Eisemon, Thomas Owen
The effectiveness and efficiency of basic education in the Third World has aroused considerable debate. This publication provides a comprehensive overview of the literature on various aspects of Third World basic education. The literature review has been divided into four sections corresponding to the different domains of school outcomes: (1) the modernizing effects of schooling; (2) the effects of school-acquired literacy and numeracy on cognition; (3) the relationship between schooling and employment, earnings and productivity; (4) the relationship between schooling and such benefits as health, nutrition, and fertility control. A critique of the traditional "rate of return" analysis is also provided. The survey draws four major conclusions: that schooling may foster the adoption of modern values and beliefs that change perceptions of self and society; that school literacy fosters profound cognitive changes in the ability to employ and manipulate formal logical structures in reasoning with and from printed texts; that schooling may increase productive capacities, equipping individuals with skills valued in wage/salary employment and related to the production of foodstuffs with products and processes of modern technology; and that school participation improves health and lowers fertility mainly through these other combined effects. A list of 107 references is included. (TE)
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Developing Nations, Economic Change, Economic Development, Educational Economics, Elementary Secondary Education, Family Planning, Foreign Countries, Foundations of Education, Human Capital, Human Resources, Literacy, Living Standards, Modernization, Productivity, Resource Allocation, Values
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: State Univ. of New York, Buffalo. Comparative Education Center.