ERIC Number: ED291051
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Relations between Adolescent Gender Role Orientation, Self-Esteem and Social Conformity.
Mullis, Ronald L.; McKinley, Kathleen
Although previous research has established a relationship between gender role orientation and self-esteem, and gender role orientation and social conformity, few studies have established a clear relationship among all three constructs, especially for different age groups. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between adolescent gender role orientation, self-esteem, and locus of control utilizing two different age groups of adolescents. The sample was composed of junior high school and senior high school students from a rural midwestern state. Participants included 7th and 8th grade female students (N=87) and 11th and 12th grade female students (N=48). For each test group participants were categorized into a younger adolescent group (7th and 8th graders) and an older adolescent group (11th and 12th graders). Subjects completed the Bem Sex Role Inventory, the Texas Social Behavior Inventory, and the Nowicki-Strickland Locus of Control Scale for Children. Results indicated that adolescent females classified as androgynous or masculine in gender-role orientation had higher self-esteem than adolescents classified as feminine or undifferentiated. Further, junior high adolescents had more of an external locus of control whereas senior high adolescents had more of an internal locus of control. No other significant differences were found. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Conference of the National Council on Family Relations (49th, Atlanta, GA, November 14-19, 1987).