ERIC Number: ED290966
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Evaluations of Physical Aggression in Marriage.
Arias, Ileana; Johnson, Patti
The occurrence of physical aggression in marriage is quite high. On the basis of frequency of occurrence among the general population, a distinction has been made between ordinary violence (frequent slapping, pushing) and severe violence (less frequent use of hitting with objects or use of lethal weapons). This study was conducted to examine how individuals evaluate ordinary and severe forms of physical aggression and how they evaluate female physical aggression and male physical aggression. Undergraduates (N=202) completed a demographic questionnaire and reported their experiences as aggressors and victims of physical aggression in past and current dating relationships using the Conflict Tactics Scale (CTS), an inventory assessing the frequency of occurrence of various conflict resolution methods. Subjects were also presented the CTS with the husband as actor and the wife as recipient of aggression and with the wife as actor and the husband as recipient, and were asked to rate the actor's behavior. Both male and female subjects rated the husband's or wife's use of severe physical aggression more negatively than use of ordinary aggression. Both males and females rated female physical aggression less negatively than male physical aggression. In addition, evaluations of physical aggression were related to the occurrence of physical aggression in the dating relationships of the subjects. (NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the Association for Advancement of Behavior Therapy (20th, Chicago, IL, November 13-16, 1986).