ERIC Number: ED290531
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-May
Reference Count: 0
Socialization to School: A Study of Low-Income and Minority Children in an Early Childhood Setting. Occasional Paper.
Schwartz, Audrey James
This study is a description of the initial socialization of low-income children, aged 3 to 6 years, who were recruited by a middle- and upper-income elementary college-laboratory school. Data for this study were obtained through observations of 11 recruited children and their classmates during a 4-year period. These observations were supplemented by informal conversations, interviews, and school documents and files. It was found that although the school was perceived by the community as excellent, and had many fine qualities, the recruited children were adversely affected by other qualities. The school's pedagogy gave little attention to social outcomes such as cross-cultural and interracial understanding; the assimilationist ideology of the school excluded pluralistic curricula; and the "color-blind" universalism accepted in the school obscured the need for "affirmative" treatment of some children. It is concluded that the optimum programs for desegregated early childhood education are traditional, developmentally oriented ones in which: (1) schooling is an extension of the family; (2) a flexible pedagogy allows for recognition of children's previous and concurrent socialization; and (3) the needs of the children are considered more important than the demands of an explicit curriculum. (PCB)
Descriptors: Cultural Differences, Cultural Interrelationships, Desegregation Effects, Early Childhood Education, Hidden Curriculum, Integration Studies, Interpersonal Competence, Laboratory Schools, Low Income Groups, Minority Group Children, Outcomes of Education, School Desegregation, Socialization, Student Adjustment, Student School Relationship
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Inst. for Research in Educational Administration.