ERIC Number: ED290512
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1988
Clark's "Cooling Out" Concept as a Factor in Student Completion of Community College Programs.
Kaliszeski, Michael S.
A study was conducted to determine whether there were significant differences in the characteristics of students who followed the "cooling out" process and those who did not. The "cooling out" process was defined as a set of counseling strategies designed to assist students with unrealistic aspirations in selecting alternative career goals which would be more in line with their abilities. For this study, "cooling out" encompassed pre-entrance placement testing and/or advising, mandatory or voluntary placement into one or more remedial courses, placement on academic warning and/or probation, and complete withdrawal from the institution or changing initial major to an alternative program which is perceived as being less rigorous and/or associated with less status. The study sample was drawn from one urban and one rural community college in Florida. From master lists of students whose last term of enrollment was fall 1984, 100 dropouts and 100 college graduates were selected. Data from academic transcripts were supplemented by additional information obtained from telephone interviews. Study findings included the following: (1) there was a statistically significant relationship between students' graduation status and the "cooling out" process; (2) the "cooling out" process appeared to be linked to dropping out regardless of race, gender, or father's occupation; (3) the relationship between race and the "cooling out" process was statistically significant; and (4) gender and father's occupations were not statistically related to the "cooling out" process. (EJV)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Academic Persistence, Career Counseling, Community Colleges, Comparative Analysis, Counseling Objectives, Dropouts, Educational Counseling, Family Characteristics, Females, Graduation, Majors (Students), Males, Minority Groups, Student Characteristics, Student Educational Objectives, Two Year Colleges
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Graduate seminar paper, University of Florida.