ERIC Number: ED290353
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Reference Count: N/A
Enrollment of Blacks in College: Is the Supply of Black High School Graduates Adequate? Is the Demand for College by Blacks Weakening? Research and Development Update.
Factors that have affected the decline in black college enrollments in the 1980s are explored. Demographics of the teenage cohort during 1973-1983 are reviewed, and attributes of blacks and whites are compared to determine any significant changes among or between the black and white teenage populations that would account for the decline in black college enrollments. Demographic data are highlighted for 18- and 19-year-olds, 15- to 19-year-olds, or populations under 18 for the years 1973, 1978, and 1983. Demographic factors are considered that would indicate social disarray: homicide rates, total arrests, drug violations, and teenage pregnancies for black and white youth. Also assessed are: birthrates, high school graduation rate, curriculum of high school seniors by racial/ethnic group for 1972 and 1980, distribution of active duty forces by service and race/ethnicity, and employment and college attendance of high school graduates for 1977, 1980, and 1983. It was found that the number of black high school graduates has increased during 1978 and 1984, and these graduates appear to be more academically able than in past years. However, black high school graduates are increasingly selecting options other than college after high school. (SW)
Descriptors: Black Students, College Attendance, College Bound Students, College Students, Comparative Analysis, Declining Enrollment, Demography, Educational Demand, Enrollment Trends, High School Graduates, Higher Education, Noncollege Bound Students, Population Trends, Sociocultural Patterns, White Students
Publication Type: Collected Works - Serials; Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: College Entrance Examination Board, New York, NY.