ERIC Number: ED290300
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-May
Reference Count: N/A
Microcomputer-Assisted Needs Assessment System for Teacher Training in Special Education. Final Project Report, 8/1/83 through 5/31/86.
Malouf, David; And Others
The report describes the features, underlying knowledge base, and goals of the "Smart Needs Assessment Program" (SNAP), an interactive, microcomputer-based system designed to provide inservice training in special education for regular education teachers. The Teacher Effectiveness Expert System portion uses teacher data concerning attitudes, goals, and background to identify teaching problems with direct instruction, questioning skills, or academic learning time. Finally, the teacher works with the Training Experience Selecting Expert System which uses some 200 options to produce an individualized set of recommended training experiences based on the data entered earlier as well as on responses to additional questions eliciting information on student age, teaching area, availability of teachers' aides, and other factors. An evaluation of the system conducted with 18 teachers suggested that it improved attitudes toward mainstreaming and increased concerns about impact upon students, collaboration with other professionals and widening the benefits of mainstreaming. A study comparing the system's training recommendations with those made by expert trainers found the SNAP system comparable. Fourteen appendixes comprising 90 percent of the document provide technical background on the system, samples of questionnaires and forms, discussions about the design and use of expert systems, and a 50-page bibliographic chart analyzing research on effective instruction. (VW)
Descriptors: Artificial Intelligence, Attitude Change, Competency Based Teacher Education, Computer Assisted Instruction, Disabilities, Elementary Secondary Education, Expert Systems, Inservice Teacher Education, Mainstreaming, Microcomputers, Needs Assessment, Special Education, Teacher Attitudes, Training Objectives
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Department of Education, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Maryland Univ., College Park. Inst. for the Study of Exceptional Children and Youth.