ERIC Number: ED290234
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1986-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
Communicating Expectations for Academic Achievement. The Best of ERIC on Educational Management, Number 84.
ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
Most of the 10 publications reviewed in this annotated bibliography focus on the principals' role in communicating high expectations for student achievement. The first article describes techniques principals can use to encourage excellence, such as complimenting teachers for exemplary efforts, carefully monitoring instruction via supervision and classroom visits, supporting staff development, and mobilizing community resources to maintain a positive school climate. The second ties principals' instructional leadership prowess to their capacity to connect routine activities to a well-informed understanding of school context and visions for the future. Subsequent reports stress the importance of climate and school effectiveness characteristics. The third article attributes a climate of expectation to teacher and principal behaviors, while the fourth defines three important elements of school culture--content, symbols, and communications patterns. The fifth article emphasizes the influence of principals' active beliefs on student outcomes. The next two articles compare effective and ineffective school characteristics. The eighth study concentrates on principal behaviors involved with encouraging outstanding students, establishing schoolwide academic requirements, creating counseling programs, and setting instructional standards for teachers. The ninth article describes eight variables leading to more effective schooling. The last article characterizes principals as culture builders using symbols, structures, and processes to promote educational excellence and individual growth. (MLH)
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Behavior Patterns, Communication (Thought Transfer), Educational Environment, Elementary Secondary Education, Expectation, Instructional Improvement, Instructional Leadership, Principals, School Culture, School Effectiveness
Publication Sales, ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, University of Oregon, 1787 Agate Street, Eugene, OR 97403 (free).
Publication Type: Reference Materials - Bibliographies; ERIC Publications
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Administrators; Practitioners
Sponsor: Office of Educational Research and Improvement (ED), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Educational Management, Eugene, OR.
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