ERIC Number: ED290173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Critical Thinking through Creative Thinking.
While there has been much debate about defining and teaching critical thinking, little discussion has occurred regarding the connection between critical thinking and creative thinking, especially in relationship to teaching speech communication. While it was once thought that creativity is something that some are born with and some are not, recent research has found that creativity can be fostered like any other thinking skill. Findings have revealed that mastering any kind of knowledge requires both creativity and critical skills, while early stages of learning require simple memorization of rules. Both the "soft" thinking behaviors of creative thinking (such as dreams and fantasies) and the "hard" behaviors of critical thinking (such as reason and reality) are needed to solve complex problems. Thus, to encourage creative as well as critical thinking in speech classes, educators must take care to create classroom environments conducive to both kinds of thought. A nonthreatening atmosphere, emphasis on communication, and liberal doses of humor all support higher level thinking skills. A system of motivating rewards (for instance, showing how learning a skill connects with the students' lives) is also beneficial. Positive teacher attitudes, a belief that students can foster their own learning, and encouragement of classroom communication are other ways to help speech communication students develop creative and critical thinking skills. (SKC)
Descriptors: Classroom Communication, Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Communication Research, Creative Thinking, Creativity, Critical Thinking, Higher Education, Learning Processes, Learning Theories, Logical Thinking, Metacognition, Secondary Education, Speech Communication, Speech Instruction, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (73rd, Boston, MA, November 5-8, 1987).