ERIC Number: ED290111
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug-29
Reference Count: N/A
Divorce Stress and Adjustment Model: Locus of Control and Demographic Predictors.
Barnet, Helen Smith
This study depicts the divorce process over three time periods: predivorce decision phase, divorce proper, and postdivorce. Research has suggested that persons with a more internal locus of control experience less intense and shorter intervals of stress during the divorce proper and better postdivorce adjustment than do persons with a more external locus of control. This research may have underestimated the impact of locus of control by not investigating situation-specific locus of control (marriage locus of control). This study presents a path analysis derived model of divorce stress and adjustment which predicts the impact of locus of control and the major demographic effects over the divorce process. Recently divorced men and women (N=107) completed a mailed questionnaire eliciting locus of control, difficulties, decision time, and divorce stress and adjustment. The path-analysis derived model suggests that: (1) locus of control is related to predecision stress, peak stress point, stress intensity, stress duration, and postdivorce stress and adjustment, but unrelated to decision time; (2) the relationship between locus of control and heavy stress changes over time from an inverse to a direct relationship; (3) compared to women, men report less predecision stress, shorter predecision periods, lower postdivorce adjustment, and more external Rotter Locus of Control scores; (4) marriage length is directly related to decision time and stress duration, but inversely related to predecision stress, point of peak stress, and postdivorce stress; and (5) childless couples report fewer difficulties, less postdecision stress, and shorter predecision intervals. (Author/ABL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).