ERIC Number: ED290032
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
A Study of the Career Development Characteristics of First-Year Community College Business Majors with Implications for Additional Research and a Suggested Advisement Model.
Smith, Gerald E.
Efforts to retain students, including career development strategies, can be particularly costly when dealing with the diverse educational backgrounds and aspirations that are typically found among community college students. For this reason, a study examined the career maturity differences that exist among subgroups of freshman-level community college students majoring in business. Although some of the study findings supported previous research, others appeared to contradict the existing career maturity and career development research. This study did not sustain Crites' theory that career development skills increase with age and grade. The previous research concluding that females display significantly higher career maturity levels than males was confirmed. The present study did not support previous research suggesting correlations between career maturity and measures of intelligence and school achievement; rather, the study suggested that career maturity and school achievement are separate constructs. No significant relationships were found between career maturity and parental educational level or program orientation. The findings pointed to a need for further research in such areas as the effect of systematic career development programs, the underlying sociological and psychological factors that contribute to the greater career maturity and certainty among females, and the retention rates of students with initially low career maturity scores compared with students with initially high scores. A four-step career counseling model was proposed. It calls for identification of a corps of academic advisers within each department or divisional area, identification of incoming freshmen who are in special need of career planning assistance, preliminary conferences to verify initial screening test results, and referrals to a career center. (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Vocational Association Convention (Las Vegas, NV, December 6-10, 1987).