ERIC Number: ED290012
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1985-Sep
Reference Count: 0
Phenomenological Analysis of Distance Education Textual Materials. ZIFF Papiere 59.
Rothe, J. Peter
The cultural differences between the countries in which distance education materials are developed and those in which the materials are used make it necessary to conduct a careful content analysis of instructional materials that are intended for use in distance education programs in countries other than the one in which they are being developed. Developers' acts, plans, beliefs, expectations, values, and assumptions about the state, education, society, and humankind act as a life lens through which the developers envision the conceptualization, plan, organization, and development of distance education materials and programs. Care must be taken to assess the appropriateness of program developers' perspectives when materials are used by students in a foreign land or culture and to assess the implications of transferring distance education programs to other cultures. Materials and programs may be developed from a variety of perspectives, including the common sense, technological, theoretic, political, mythical, and illusionary perspectives. When interpreting a program perspective, an analyst can never know the meaning of an object or an act as it is experienced by someone else. With this in mind, developers must carefully analyze their materials and programs to be sure that their impact in a foreign culture will be the one desired. Some of the issues that must be addressed include how the user will interpret any metaphors used, whether the underlying intents of the program or materials will be understandable to the user, whether the implied relationship between teacher and student is the one intended, the ethical implications of the text's descriptions and prescriptions, and the manner in which the program incorporates student input. A 26-item reference list concludes the document. (MN)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: FernUniversitat, Hagen (West Germany). Zentrales Inst. fur Fernstudienforschung Arbeitsbereich.