ERIC Number: ED289893
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Burnout in Health Care Professionals as a Function of Coping Profiles, Locus of Control, and Self Esteem.
Salkind, F. Jane; And Others
Registered nurses, interns, and residents from five hospitals in Ohio, Pennsylvania, and New Jersey were administered the Maslach Human Services Survey, Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale, Rotter's Locus of Control Scale, Newman's Alpha Omega Scale, and a demographic questionnaire. Results strongly suggested that an individual with high self-esteem and internal locus of control, who uses a High Bargaining-Low Anger Profile (as measured on the Alpha Omega Scale) regarding death and dying situations is less likely to experience burnout. Conversely, an individual who has low self-esteem, is more externally controlled and does not utilize any set coping style regarding death and dying situations is more prone to burnout. Nurses were experiencing a moderate degree of burnout. Interns and residents, a mostly male group, demonstrated more depersonalization. Six distinct profiles were determined by factor profile analysis on the Alpha Omega subscales--denial, anger, bargaining, depression, and acceptance. Frequency, rather than intensity of stress, was the contributing factor in burnout. Factors related to death and dying and hospital organization and administration also contributed to burnout. (RR)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Akron Univ., OH. Office of Educational Research and Evaluation.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (Washington, DC, April 20-24, 1987).