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ERIC Number: ED289765
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Minorities and Women in the Arts: 1980.
Ellis, Diane C.
This report summarizes and compares data, extracted from U.S. Census Bureau reports, relating to the numbers and relative earnings of artists from different racial and ethnic backgrounds and for male and female artists. Results indicate that Black and Hispanic workers are underrepresented in artist occupations in relation to their numbers in the civilian labor force. They also earn less than other artists; however, their earnings as artists are greater than their earnings in the general labor force. Those in the residual ethnic class of "others," principally Asian Americans, do relatively well in arts occupations, both in their numbers and in their earnings. The proportion of women workers in artist occupations rose from 25 to 38 percent during the 1970s. At the same time the proportion of women in the overall work force increased to 43 percent. The results indicate that artist occupations still lag behind the general labor force in women's participation but that the gap has been reduced. The relative earnings of women artists changed little between 1970 and 1980. The median earnings of women artists in 1980 was 59 percent of the earnings obtained by men. Data are displayed in 10 tables. Additional and more extensive tables are contained in the appendices. They include: (1) artists' median earnings and ethnic distribution in the civilian labor force by occupation, sex, ethnicity, and weeks worked; (2) artists' age distribution by occupation, sex, and ethnicity; and (3) ethnic distribution of earnings by artist occupation and major industry. (JHP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Endowment for the Arts, Washington, DC. Research Div.
Authoring Institution: Wordworks, Brunswick, MD.
Note: For the 1970 report, see SO 017 949; for another related document, see SO 018 352.