ERIC Number: ED289108
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Aug
Reference Count: N/A
Expected Utility and Sequential Elimination Models of Career Decision Making.
Shaffer, Michal; Lichtenberg, James W.
Decision-making strategies have traditionally been classified as either prescriptive/normative or descriptive/behavioral in nature. Proponents of prescriptive/normative decision-making models attempt to develop procedures for making optimal decisions while proponents of the descriptive/behavioral models look for a choice that meets a minimal set of requirements rather than an optimal set. This study compared an Expected Utility model (prescriptive/normative) and an Elimination by Aspects (descriptive/behavioral) model of career decision making. Both models were also compared with a "model-free" choice situation in which the decision-making strategy was not explicitly dictated by experimental procedure. The three decision-making strategies were compared in terms of quality of choices, types of careers chosen, and post-decision satisfaction. College students (N=101) completed the Work Values Inventory and participated in activities which involved operationalization of the three decision-making models. The results suggest that use of the Expected Utility model produced the "best quality" decisions for subjects. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (95th, New York, NY, August 28-September 1, 1987).