ERIC Number: ED289093
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Sex Bias in Evaluations: Effects of Ambiguity, Job Sex-Type, and Rater Gender.
Gerdes, Eugenia Proctor; Husted, Victoria L.
Although partially caused by sex differences in aspirations and qualifications, the underrepresentation of women in professional and managerial positions also reflects the persistence of sex discrimination at the entry level. Discrimination against women applying for traditionally male jobs seems to increase with ambiguity about the fit between the applicant qualifications and job requirements. To examine this issue, 60 male and 60 female college students evaluated a male or female applicant for the position of Residence Life Director, which was described as a masculine, feminine, or neutral sex-typed job. Ambiguity of the evaluation task was varied by amount of job-relevant information in the applicant's resume. The results revealed that applicants received better evaluations when ambiguity was low; ambiguity did not interact with other factors. Male applicants were evaluated more favorably for the masculine job than for the neutral job, but female applicants were evaluated more favorably for the neutral than for the feminine job. Same-sex favoritism was shown in salary recommendations, especially for male subjects. These findings suggest that job applicants should present as much job-relevant information as possible. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Eastern Psychological Association (Arlington, VA, April 9-12, 1987).