ERIC Number: ED288620
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Infant Long-Term Memory for a Conditioned Response and Intelligence Test Performance at 2 Years of Age.
Fagen, Jeffrey W.; And Others
To find predictive relations between measures taken in infancy and later scores on intelligence tests, a study was made that measured in the infant those cognitive processes examined later in life. Operant conditioning tasks were employed which required 3-, 7-, and 11-month-old infants to execute some response to produce an environmental consequence. At each age, infants recieved 2 days of training separated by 24 hours and a retention test session 7 or 14 days later. Measures of retention were based upon the number of responses emitted during specific nonreinforcement phases. Subjects were 41 full-term middle class Caucasian infants who were tested with the Bayley Mental and Motor Scales of Infant Development approximately 1 week following retention test sessions and the Bayley Scales and the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Test at 27 months of age. The two measures of retention were correlated at all four ages, but they were not correlated with Bayley Scale scores. Retention measures were significantly correlated between 3 and 7 and 7 and 11 months. Significant positive correlations were obtained between retention measures at each age and Stanford-Binet and Bayley Mental scores at 27 months, with one exception. Findings suggested that infant memory is a relatively stable component of infant cognition that is related to later intelligence. (RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (Baltimore, MD, April 23-26, 1987).