ERIC Number: ED288492
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-May-21
Reference Count: N/A
Telecommunications and Information-Systems Standardization--Is America Ready? CRS Report for Congress. Sci-Tech Alert. 87-458 SPR.
This report on telephone networks and computer networks in a global context focuses on the processes and organizations through which the standards that make this possible are set. The first of five major sections presents descriptions of the standardization process, including discussions of the various kinds of standards, advantages and disadvantages of standards, and both the U.S. and international organizations involved, i.e., the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), the U.S. National Bureau of Standards (NBS), the International Telecommunications Union (ITU), the International Organization for Standardization (ISO), and the GATT Standards Code. Applications of the Standardization process to telecommunications and computers are discussed in the second section, including the Open Systems Interconnection (OSI), the Corporation for Open Systems (COS), and the Integrated Services Digital (Telephone) Network (ISDN). The social impacts of telecommunication- and computer-standards applications in the U.S. are briefly discussed in the third section, and the fourth addresses public policy issues which may foreseeably arise from such standards or affect the standardization process. Related policy issues include international trade relations, antitrust, intellectual property, communications regulation, administration of the government's own information-systems establishment, and the funding of standards research. The standards, competitiveness, and trade issues involve the Department of State, the Department of Commerce, the Office of the U.S. Trade Representative, and the Federal Communications Commission. The concluding section presents sources of additional information, including selected publications and organizations. (RP)
Publication Type: Legal/Legislative/Regulatory Materials; Opinion Papers; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Library of Congress, Washington, DC. Congressional Research Service.