ERIC Number: ED288427
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Jul-24
Recent-Doctorate Faculty Increase in Engineering and Some Science Fields. Science Resources Studies Highlights.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Findings of a 1986 National Science Foundation survey of faculty and nonfaculty doctorates in 2,074 departments in 21 science and engineering (S/E) fields at 181 doctorate-granting institutions are summarized and compared to previous surveys. The proportion of recent-doctorate full-time faculty increased in each of the four engineering fields surveyed in 1980 and 1986, while the proportion either increased or remained constant for 7 of 15 science fields. In 1986, the largest percentage of recent doctorates was in computer science (40%), while the smallest proportion was in physics (11%). Many of the recent-doctorate faculty had foreign backgrounds. The proportions of female faculty increased in all fields. The greatest relative growth was in engineering; nonetheless, women comprised only 3% of total and 6% of recent-doctorate faculty in 1986. Women constituted 11% of total and 18% of recent-doctorate faculty in the science fields surveyed. The number of full-time black faculty increased; they comprised about 2% of recent-doctorate faculty in 1986. One-tenth of the recent-doctorate faculty in 1986 were Asian. (SW)
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Black Teachers, College Faculty, College Science, Doctoral Degrees, Engineering, Full Time Faculty, Higher Education, Immigrants, Minority Groups, Women Faculty
National Science Foundation, Division of Science Resources Studies, Washington, DC 20550.
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.