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ERIC Number: ED288426
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Pages: 12
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Selected Developments since the Late Eighteenth Century of the Open Admissions Policy in Higher Education.
Canfield, Carole C.; Wilmoth, James Noel
The evolution of the college open admissions policy since 1870 is described. In 1870 the University of Michigan faculty were authorized to inspect feeder secondary schools and waive entrance examinations for qualified candidates. This led to a liberalization of the subjects acceptable to major institutions as college preparatory courses. Another development was allowing high schools to certify certain graduates as meeting university entrance requirements without examination in return for having their schools inspected and accredited by universities. After World War I, college selective admissions policies moved from selecting those with proper academic preparation to selecting students who possessed "the ability to succeed in college." In the early 1900s, several states had laws prohibiting restrictions on student admission to college. However, universities practiced a subtle form of selective admissions by failing large proportions of the entering class during the freshman year. Around 1930, advocates of liberalization of admission policies argued that higher education could not be restricted to the elite. Later events emphasized nondiscriminatory college admissions policies. Consequences and problems of open admission programs are discussed. (SW)
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A