ERIC Number: ED288215
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Nov
The Mediating Influence of Efficacy on Conflict Strategies Used in Educational Organizations.
Grafton, Lee Geary
A study examined whether teacher efficacy affects the relationship between the teachers' perceptions of the school principal and the perceived communication conflict strategies teachers use when they disagree with the principal. To test this relationship, 830 questionnaires were distributed to public school teachers in six school districts across Ohio; 306 questionnaires were returned. The teacher efficacy factors--"personal efficacy" and "general efficacy"--and the respective perceptions of the principal--communication openness, perceived credibility, management communication style, and team-building--were canonically correlated with the communication conflict strategies: "nonconfrontation,""solution orientation," and "control." It was found that the teacher efficacy factors and perceptions of the principal were negatively related to nonconfrontation and positively related to solution-orientation conflict message strategies. The most important determinant of the conflict message strategy chosen was the teachers' perceptions of the principal. However, teacher efficacy was an influential factor affecting the female teachers' tendency to use solution orientation strategies. It was found that when teacher efficacy was included in the canonical structure with perceptions of the principal, females were as likely as males to choose a given conflict message strategy, equalizing the difference of response choice between the sexes. (Four pages of references and two tables are included.) (Author/JC)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Speech Communication Association (73rd, Boston, MA, November 5-8, 1987).