ERIC Number: ED288150
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Apr
Reference Count: 0
I-E Control, Sex and Age Differences in Drinking.
Daly, Daniel C.; Abramson, Edward E.
Research examining alcohol consumption by using Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale has reported conflicting results, possibly related to comparisons of clinical groups of alcoholics with nonclinical light drinkers or to an overuse of correlational statistics and a lack of appropriate controls. This study sampled a wide range of ages within a homogeneous population of nonclinical drinkers to assess the relationship between internal-external control, reasons for drinking, and alcohol consumption. Male (N=72) and female (N=105) college students from California State University at Chico completed Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, the Questionnaire of Habitual Alcohol Use, and a Reasons For Drinking checklist. The results revealed that younger males drank significantly more and were significantly more external than were older males, suggesting that earlier studies of males in which age was not controlled may have reported spurious correlations. Young female heavy drinkers were more external than their light drinking peers. The Internal-External scale was found to be an ineffective predictor of alcohol consumption. The Reasons For Drinking scale was found to discriminate between young light and heavy drinkers, suggesting that it may be useful as a predictor of alcohol consumption. (Author/NB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Western Psychological Association (67th, Long Beach, CA, April 23-26, 1987).