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ERIC Number: ED288063
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987-Oct
Pages: 24
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Career Development.
Wyly, Jeanie Rountree
Career development has become very pertinent for adult educators inasmuch as career development programs have been shown to increase effectiveness and efficiency in the field of adult education. Career development programs can vary widely in their content, approach, and philosophy. Various theories have been proposed to explain career development. Included among these are Ginzberg's, Super's, and Tiedeman's developmental theories; Roe's need theory, Holland's personality theory, the Minnesota theory (which measures several dimensions of work adjustment), and Hoppock's composite theory. Perhaps the most important development in the field of adult education in the past five years has been the explosion of interest in career development. Career development programs have begun to focus on the personalized aspect of the individual, and organizations have begun trying to match their needs to those of the individuals whom they employ. The pertinence of self-concept and self-esteem to success in career development has been recognized, and the effectiveness of mentor relationships as a means for improving individuals' career positions has been established. Many researchers, including Erikson, Super, Schein, and Levinson, have formulated models of the various life cycles and stages through which adults progress and have explored the influence of these various stages on career development. Norris and her coworkers have developed a seven-step career development plan that should significantly increase attitudes, morale, and productivity by having organizations and employees work together. (MN)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Association for Adult and Continuing Education (Washington, DC, October 19-24, 1987).