ERIC Number: ED287781
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1987
Reference Count: N/A
Modeling To Enhance Critical Thinking and Decision Making Skills Development in the Instructional Process: The Social Studies.
Students must be actively involved in the process of learning for it to have personal meaning and importance in their lives. Teachers must also become critical thinkers, creative individuals, and decision makers in order to create more challenging learning environments. Teachers need to blend structure and spontaneity into meaningful learning experiences and incorporate these experiences into instructional strategies and curricula. The Proactive Action Model (PAM) strategy is one way to blend structure and spontaneity into meaningful learning experiences. The PAM strategy is an inquiry based learning model in which students: (1) identify a conflict/issue/ problem; (2) research data and generate an hypothesis; (3) conduct an empirical study, collect data, and arrive at a conclusion; and (4) design a resolution strategy. Other activities to enhance student abilities and competence in critical thinking and decision making are: (1) designing and constructing table-top dioramas, maps, and visual aids; (2) developing research papers; (3) role playing; (4) developing and presenting oral reports; (5) debating; (6) video recording community studies; (7) interviewing; and (8) researching primary and secondary source materials. This paper also includes a description of the inservice program developed by the Thought/Action Network. A bibliography is appended. (SM)
Descriptors: Citizenship Education, Cognitive Processes, Convergent Thinking, Creative Teaching, Critical Thinking, Decision Making, Discovery Learning, Elementary Secondary Education, Evaluative Thinking, Inferences, Inquiry, Interdisciplinary Approach, Learning Activities, Logical Thinking, Role Playing, Simulation, Social Studies, Teaching Methods
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: Teachers; Practitioners
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: This paper is a compilation of presentations made by the author (founder of the "Thought and Action Network") during 1987 at various national/international conferences on critical thinking and decision making.